Augmented Reality (AR) has shown a tremendous development curve since Boeing researcher Thomas Caudell coined 1990 the term „Augmented Reality“. The technology changed the perception of an NFL football game on television. Emmy-winning SportVision introduced the yellow first down line in 1998, which was painted on the field, and the game was still the same. Nevertheless, AR has not only a transformational effect on sports transmissions, but also on navigation, architecture, tourism, military health education and all parts of education in general. The most recent forecast is that the AR Appliance market by 2018 is expected to reach $ 659.98 million. The counterpart, Virtual Reality (VR), has a similar innovation pattern and is expected to boom in the next few years. By the year 2018, the market for VR devices is expected to grow by approximately $ 407 million. Therefore, the two technologies are often confused, although there are significant differences between the two technologies. While AR shows users the real world and projects digital information into the existing environment, VR completely eliminates everything else and offers a complete simulation. There is no logical consequence that VR is immersive and certain, as yet unsubstantiated, fears have arisen about the possibility of their addiction personality. Why does Augmented Reality have so much potential in the health care system? Both AR and VR have the ability to better change healthcare in the future, except for different functions. In the case of AR, the use of technology in medicine and health is basically a natural consequence of technological evolution and the data boom. Lots of information, but also very specificdata overfl owing. The paper format has changed for electronic health records (EHR), but the flow of information has remained very static. It needs to become closer to the heart and support the healing process. Patients‘ lives may not depend on the physician being able to access the most recent and relevant data – and AR can help with it.
As data access and information processing technologies are already well advanced, the next step is to bring important and even life saving information to the attention of physicians. For example, if there is a complicated operation, it may take a long time to verify that the patient has some type of allergy. So instead of searching between the papers or in the EMR, the surgeon could see the relevant data in seconds on his AR screen. But not just data, but other types of medical information, such as the location of the veins or organs, can be projected onto the environment and help physicians to do their jobs.
Google Glass is the first AR platform
One of the most popular platforms for working out medical AR solutions is Google Glass, with which Rafael Grossmann broadcast the first operation live in 2013. The portable computer with an optical head-mounted display was made available to testers and developers in 2013. However, there is no way to reach the broader mainstream market, because the old technology has gotten a new function in health care in recent years.
Since December 2013, physicians use Google Glass at the Boston Diocese of Beth Israel to determine whether it can facilitate physician-patient interactions or data entry. Huge QR codes hang on the walls and doors of patient rooms. These can be scanned when the doctor enters the room and Google Glass transmits the relevant patient records and information. The device enables doctors to maintain eye contact with the patient while maintaining relevant information.
There are, however, many other innovative projects that aim to bring AR into the healthcare system. I decided to compile a list of the major companies developing breakthrough augmented reality solutions.
1) Orca Health’s EyeDecide Orca Health is a innovative, Utah-based mobile software company, established in 2010 to bridge the gap between the patient and healthcare providers. Its 12 mobile applications and integrated tools help patients make better decisions about their health. The company’s EyeDecide medical medical app that uses the camera display to simulate the effects of certain conditions on a person’s vision. With apps like EyeDecide, doctors can show a simulation of the vision of a patient. For example, the app may show the effects of cataract or AMD, thus helping patients to understand their actual health status. 2) brain power The Massachusetts-based technology company, founded in 2013, has focused on the neuroscience application pathways using the latest wearable technology, notably Google Glass. The start-up relies on brain research-based software to turn wearables into neuro-assistive devices for the pedagogical challenges of autism. Their goal is to educate children and adults in the caricature spectrum of life skills. They developed a unique software suite, the „Empowered Brain,“ designed to help children with their social skills, language, and positive behavior. The software includes powerful data acquisition and analysis tools that provide individual feedback to the child.
3) Medsights Tech Could you ever imagine that X-ray imaging could become a reality? Medsights Tech is working to make this magic possible. The company is developing software to test the feasibility of using AR to precisely engineer three-dimensional tumor reconstructions. The complex image reconstruction technology allows surgeons to perform X-rays – without exposure to radiation – in real time. It has been designed to be intuitive to practitioners of various fields, including technicians, surgeons and other medical professionals. It was also tested for other such as skin and subcutaneously, head and neck, gastrointestinal tract, endocrine and other perperitoneal pathologies. 4) AccuVein They are afraid that the nurse or phlebotomist does not find the vein at first time, but he wants to be a lengthy and torturous procedure. AccuVein is using AR technology to make both nurses ‚and patients‘ lives easier. The company’s marketing specialist, Vinny Luciano said 40% of IVs (intravenous injections) miss the vein on the first stick, with the numbers getting worse for children and the elderly. AccuVein uses AR by using a handheld scanner that projects over skin and shows where they are in the patients‘ bodies. Luciano estimates that it has been more than 10 million patients, making finding a vein on the first 3.5x more likely. 5) Holo Anatomy with Microsofts HoloLens Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Clinic teamed up with Microsoft to develop a HoloLens app called HoloAnatomy to visualize the human body in a simple and spectacular way. The app offers such an amazing insight into the biology of the human organism that it came first in the immersive virtual reality and augmented reality category during the 2016 Jackson Hole Wildlife Film Festival Science Media Awards. With the HoloLens VR Headset from Microsoft, app users can see everything from muscles to the smallest veins on a dynamic holographic model. I believe that it will revolutionize medical education because students can see the human body in 3D instead of the usual working method: black and white pictures and written descriptions in books.
6) EchoPixel Founded in 2012, MountainView, Calif., Is a developer of diagnostic, surgical planning and imaging applications. EchoPixels states that its technology extends human expertise and improves both clinical effectiveness and workflow. The True 3D system uses a variety of up-to-date medical image datasets to enable radiologists, cardiologists, pediatric cardiologists and interventional neuroradiologists to view patient-specific anatomy in an open 3D space. This innovative, innovative technology has allowed the physician to present important clinical features and to assist in complex surgical planning, medical education or diagnostics. 7) Augmedix The San Francisco-based company aims to leverage the power of Google Glass to make the healthcare patient more focused and reduce administration. Augmedix provides technology-enabled documentation service for physicians and healthcare systems, so that physicians do not have to inspect their computers during patient visits, while medical notes are still generated in real-time. This alleviates the administrative burden on medical professionals: they can leave their workplaces on time each day, easily meet administrative requirements, while still be able to diagnose and treat patients. Augmedixis a clear profit for the industry!
8) Atheist The company is seen as a pioneer in the Augmented Interactive Reality (AiR) Goggles platform, which aims to increase productivity not only in health care but also in a variety of other industries. WithAiR Glasses can display and share user-critical work information directly in their field of view, using familiar gestures, voice commands, and motion tracking. With the AiR Enterprise Suite, users can collaborate on video calls with remote experts and use real-time picture annotations to help them improve their efficiency. The focus remains on the respective task. 9) Aira The name of the start-up founded in 2015 combines artificial intelligence (AI) and ancient Egyptian mythology, known as the Eye of Ra (RA). Airabiltiesapplicationsforvisuallypowered to increase the possibility of having a more independent life. The team uses deep learning algorithms to write the environment to the user, read text, recognize faces, or inform about obstacles. With a smart goggle on a telephone camera, the system allows an „agent“ of Airazusehen to see what the blind man sees in real time, and then acclaim them in whatever situation they are in. If you know that other companies are interfering with Augmented Reality health care, please let them know. That many other businesses give – too little information online. And if you are curious about the top companies in other areas of medicine, look at my work on the top VR ventures, my articles on robotics companies today about those with artificial intelligence!
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